Examples of Reading Strategies

Supporting Good Strategy Use
Where possible, help students talk about the strategies they are using so that they can build an awareness and more intentionally choose when, where, and how to draw upon their repertoire. Once a strategy has been introduced look for other chances for students to use it. Present a real or imaginary task and ask students how they would go about doing it.

Pre-reading strategies
You might get ready to read by:

  1. Discussing the:
      title and author
      your knowledge/experience with the topic
      the pictures or graphics
      the format (how the text is organized)
      any charts or graphs
      captions
      key words or phrases from the text
      the first sentence

      (ESOL students talked about this sentence from an immigrant’s story – “Sometimes he is impatient because I don’t speak English.” - and predicted who the characters were, why “he” was impatient, how the author felt, and what might happen in this story. They also practiced creating new sentences with vocabulary words to replace the word “impatient.”)

  2. Based on these clues, predict what the text will be about
  3. Discuss what you think the author’s purpose for writing is
  4. Set your own purpose for reading – what do you want to find out? formulate some questions
  5. Talk about the process and strategies you might use for reading this text

During-reading strategies
While you read you might monitor your comprehension and use of linguistic knowledge

  1. Stop along the way to summarize what you’ve learned and see if your questions are being answered. Do you have new questions?
  2. Take notes to help you remember
  3. Monitor comprehension. Ask yourself if you understand what the text is about. If not, you can:
    • read more slowly
    • reread
    • read further to see if more information helps you
    • break down words you don’t know
    • change your reading purpose to one of more general understanding and select an easier text next time.

Post-reading strategies
After you read these strategies might help you synthesize, interpret and evaluate what you’ve read:

  1. See if you can paraphrase what was in the text
  2. Discuss reactions to what you read and how it fits with what you know; identify facts vs. opinions
  3. Discuss the themes, issues, characters, and author’s point of view
  4. Compare the text to your predictions
  5. Discuss the process and strategies you used – which worked well?
  6. Decide on the most important messages in the text and use these to write your own comprehension questions