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Resources from EFF Partners

A Busy Teacher's Guide to Equipped for the Future Lesson Planning, 2000

This guide is designed to help teachers understand the EFF content standards and terminology, and design an EFF lesson. Contains a sample English as a second language instructional unit with student handouts.

More document info

A Performance Standard for Teaching and Learning with the Equipped for the Future (EFF) Content Standards, 2000

In this article, Peggy McGuire, EFF Assessment Coordinator, describes EFF efforts to research and develop an assessment framework that supports the EFF Content Standards, allows the measurement of how well students are able to use their knowledge, and reports that information in a meaningful way.

Active, Purposeful, and Contextual: Assessment in the EFF classroom, 2001
Using the EFF framework for teaching and assessment allowed Joan Benz to become a more intentional and informed instructor. This article describes a classroom activity that allows students to demonstrate the components of performance for one or more EFF Content Standards and how the dimensions of performance help teachers describe what students know and how well they can use what they know.

The Change Agent
Adult Education for Social Justice: News, Issues, and Ideas

Issue 6, February 1998
Focus on Civic Participation
This issue of The Change Agent includes an introductory overview of the EFF project, followed by articles that focus on the Citizen/Community Member Role Map and the work of teachers using the role map as a teaching tool. Their stories, along with several articles by learners, tell about the successes as well as the challenges. These articles are easily identified by the EFF logo.

Issue 7, September 1998
Focus on the Changing World of Work
This issue focuses on issues related to how work has changed over the years and how various people have responded creatively to current challenges. An article about using the EFF Worker Role Map in the classroom is included.

Issue 9, September 1999
Focus on Looking In, Looking Out: Reflections on adult basic education
Topics in this issue range from the growing emphasis on accountability and discussions on how to measure success and effectiveness in adult education to issues of funding and the challenges facing participatory classrooms and programs. EFF is featured in two articles: Bringing Community Into the Classroom and EFF and Accountability.

Civic Participation and Community Action Handbook, 1999
A number of EFF field development partners contributed to this book edited by EFF development team member, Andy Nash. These stories about civic participation address a range of issues from identifying a class project to advocating for adult education funding. Includes classroom activities, an appendix of human rights and civics documents, and a webliography. Each section of text opens with a list of the EFF skills and activities addressed.

EFF en Español, 2001
Spanish translations of the EFF Content Framework, the Content Standards, the Skills Wheel, and the three Role Maps (Citizen/Community Member, Parent/Family Member, and Worker) are a courtesy of Nancy Monroe, Coordinator of the Western Washington County Even Start Program in Hillsboro, Oregon. Martha Molitor, a professional translator and native of Mexico, did the translations.

EFF/TV411 Crosswalk, 2002
This crosswalk is designed to help instructors use EFF and TV411 together. It presents the cooperative efforts of EFF and Adult Literacy Media Alliance staff to correlate the TV411 video and print materials with the EFF Content Standards and Role Maps. Under each standard is a list of the video segments that support multiple components of that standard. For each video segment listed there is a summary of its content and whether it fits within the context of the EFF Roles. More Document Info

Equipped for Technology: Linking study and career in an EFF family literacy classroom, 1999
This issue of the quarterly newsletter from the Northwest Regional Literacy Resource Center focuses on practitioner views of EFF, especially around the use of technology.

Equipped for the Future and Adult ESOL Instruction, 2000
EFF is a national standards-based initiative to reform the adult education and literacy system so that it better prepares adults for what they need to know and be able to do in today's world. This article by Andy Nash of the EFF National Center gives an overview of the EFF initiative, describes the EFF Content Framework, examines its relevance to English language learners, and discusses some of the challenges in applying the framework in the ESOL context.

Equipped for the Future: Tales from the field, 1999
This issue of the Regional Resource Roundup captures practitioners' views of the EFF experience.

Focus on Basics
Connecting Research and Practice

Volume 3, Issue C, September 1999
Standards-Based Education

The theme of this issue is standards-based education. Regie Stites provides an overview of standards-based education, defining performance standards, content standards, and opportunity to learn standards. Sondra Stein writes about the history of EFF and its role in system change on the national level. Jane Meyer discusses her Even Start's program's use of a standards-based approach, explaining that EFF has made it easier for everyone involved (learners, teachers, administrators) to articulate clearly what they are accomplishing. Jim Carabell, from Vermont, describes his slow conversion to an EFF standards-based approach. Esther Leonelli presents examples of math activities that represent values embodied in the NCTM math standards. Brian Kane, of Washington state, discusses the rewards and challenges of implementing a standards-based approach on the state level.

Framework for Adult Numeracy Standards: The mathematical skills and abilities adults need to be equipped for the future, 1996
This project, while furthering the work of other projects, included the voices of the adult learner as well as stakeholders. Seven themes emerged and serve as the foundation for adult numeracy standards: Relevance/Connections; Problem-Solving/Reasoning/Decision-Making; Communication; Numbers and Number Sense; Data; Geometry: Spatial Sense and Measurement; Algebra: Patterns and Functions.

Keeping us Honest: One teacher's view of EFF, 1999
This interview with Marty Duncan of the Sumner Adult Education Program (East Sullivan, ME) captures a practioner's view of the EFF experience. This interview originally appeared in the Northwest Regional Literacy Resource Center's Winter 1999 Regional Resource Roundup.

Matching Children's Literature with the Equipped for the Future Content Standards and Common Activities, 2002
One way to support the integration of components in a family literacy program is to use children's literature whose themes and subjects coincide with the focus in adult education. Teachers can use this annotated book list to link the goals for children's learning with the goals for adult literacy and lifelong learning. Compiled by Meta Potts, family literacy specialist and EFF facilitator, the document matches children's literature with the EFF Content Standards and EFF Common Activities.

Reading Research Notes: Alphabetics, Fluency, Vocabulary, and Text Comprehension, 2003
The EFF Reading Project has created four Reading Research Notes providing a brief overview of the National Reading Panel and Reading Research Working Group reports. Each report focuses on four areas of reading instruction and identifies effective practices related to the teaching of reading. These notes are divided into the four aspects of the reading process.

Resources Supportive of EFF Program Practices

Assessment and Accountability: A Modest Proposal, 1998
Given the reporting requirements, what are the prospects of an alternative assessment system being able to rival the standardized tests currently in vogue? This article investigates the assessment and accountability landscape in adult literacy and what can be done to help shape new directions on the national or state level, while continuing to strive for sane assessments within and across local programs.

Assessments and Accountability, 2000 (This link temporarily unavailable)
This article reviews the use of tests and assessments as key elements in educational reform during the past 50 years. Questions regarding the impact, validity, and generalizability of reported gains, and the credibility of results in high-stakes accountability uses are discussed. Emphasis is given to three issues regarding currently popular accountability systems: 1.the role of content standards, 2.the dual goals of high performance standards and common standards for all students, and 3.the validity of accountability models.

Creating Meaningful Performance Assessments, 1995
This ERIC digest provides concise definitions of performance assessment and summary points on validity and reliability in performance assessment. More document info

CRESST Assessment Glossary, 1998
Glossary of terms used in assessment; terms are cross-referenced and defined.

Crossroads Cafe - Video Correlation to Equipped for the Future, 1998
This crosswalk is designed to help instructors use EFF (Content Standards and Role Maps) and Crossroads Cafe together. Under each episode in the Crossroads Cafe series is a list of correlated standards. Correlation is to videos only in the series. More document info

Focus on Basics
Connecting Research and Practice

Volume 2, Issue D, Dec 1998
Project Based Learning

Many adult literacy programs seek to support students in the development of not just academic skills but other skills as well. Project-based learning is one instructional approach that seems to provide students with opportunities to hone both academics and the wide variety of other skills they may need. What is project-based learning? What are the theoretical underpinnings of this approach? What benefits does it offer and drawbacks does it present?

Volume 3, Issue B, June 1999

Accountability touches everyone differently, depending on their position in the adult education and literacy system. In assembling this issue, the editors therefore sought out learners, program staff, staff development providers, state directors, researchers, and public policy advocates. Their stories include how they defined accountability, what being accountable involved, what the challenges were in implementing useful and viable accountability systems, and what lessons they had learned.

Volume 5, Issue B, Oct 2001
Adult Development

The articles in this issue of Focus on Basics are on adult development, including several about the NCSALL Adult Development Research Group study that examined how the developmental levels of learners shape their learning experiences in their adult literacy programs. Adult development has much to offer adult educators: it provides one window through which we can understand learners and therefore better meet their needs. As in most fields of research and theory, adult development has a variety of "camps" - different schools of thought on how adults develop.

Fundamental Assessment Principles for Teachers and School Administrators, 2000
What is it about assessment, whether large-scale or classroom, that is fundamental for effective understanding and application? The purpose of this article is to present eleven "basic principles" to guide the assessment training and professional development of teachers and administrators. More document info

How People Learn: Brain, mind, experience and school, 2000
This popular trade book, originally released in the spring of 1999, has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. More document info

Implementing Performance Assessment in the Classroom, 1998
The benefits of performance-based assessments are well documented, but some teachers are hesitant to implement them in their classrooms. This ERIC Digest outlines the basic steps that teachers can take to plan and execute effective performance-based assessments: 1. Defining the assessment's purpose, 2. Choosing the activity, 3. Defining the criteria, 4. Creating performance rubrics, and 5.Assessing the performance.

Knowing What Students Know: The science and design of educational assessment, 2001
An explanation of how advances in the scientific fields of human learning and educational measurement can form the foundations of an improved approach to assessment that is more valid and instructionally useful. Principles for designing and using these new kinds of assessments are presented, with illustrative examples. Implications for policy, practice, and research are also explored. More document info

Learning to Think, Learning to Learn: What the science of thinking has to offer adult education, 2000
This document, 18 fact sheets on learning and thinking, is intended to assist teachers, teacher trainers, and staff development professionals by providing examples of effective learning methods based on cognitive research. More document info

Metacognitive Skills for Adult Learning, 2002
This ERIC Alert describes some of the trends related to metacognitive skills for adult learners and provides a list of resources for further information. More document info

NCSALL Report #19a

Toward a New Pluralism in ABE/ESOL Classrooms: Teaching to multiple "cultures of mind,"
When adults enter ABE/ESOL programs how do the systemic ways they make meaning affect how they will best learn and what they will most need from adult education? A team of adult development psychologists carefully followed the inner experiences of learning and change of forty-one learners enrolled in three distinct programs (community college, family literacy, and workplace) each oriented to improving effectiveness as workers, parents or students. More document info

On Common Ground - Video Correlation to Equipped for the Future, 2000
This crosswalk is designed to help instructors use EFF (Common Activities, Content Standards, and Citizen/Community Member Role map) and On Common Ground together. Episodes in the On Common Ground series are presented in a convenient at-a-glance format. Correlation is to videos only in the series. More document info

The Practice Implications of Constructivism, 1996
Constructivism is a theory of learning and knowing. Its central idea is that human learning is constructed; learners build new knowledge upon the foundation of previous learning. A constructivist approach to teaching and learning is one of the five key principles/program practices embedded in EFF. More document info

The Role of Assessment in a Learning Culture, 2000 (This link temporarily unavailable)
This article is about classroom assessment -- not the kind of assessments used to give grades or to satisfy the accountability demands of an external authority but rather the kind of assessment that can be used as a part of instruction to support and enhance learning. More document info

State of Performance Assessments, 2000
This article explores the concept and outcomes of standards-based assessment.

The University of Colorado at Denver Constructivism Website, 2002
This website offers definitions, overviews, readings, and reflections on constructivism (cognitive and social), constructivist learning theory, and constructivism and education. Articles include the work of Jerome Bruner, John Dewey, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky.